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Full text of "Mathura A District Memoir"

PABGAHA. MATHU5X.

383

other traces of his name at Son, Sonsa and Sonoth. The ancestor of the pre-
sent community was a Jat, by name Ahlad, whose five sous—Xsa, Ajal,
Fiirna, Tasiha and Sahjua—divided their estate into as many separate shares,
which still bear their names and are to all intents and purposes distinct villages,
with the Sonkh bazar as their common centre. This lies immediately under
the Khera, or site of the old fort, of which some crumbling walls and bastions
still remain. It was built by a Jat named Hati Singh, in the time of Suraj
Mall of Bharatpur, or Jawahir Singh ; but the khera itself must be many hun-
dreds of years older. There are two market-places in it, the one belonging to
Sahjua, the other to the Puma Zamindars. The market day for the former is
Thursday, for the latter Monday. But a considerable amount of business is
transacted every day of the week ; there being as many as 200 baniyas' shops
and almost enough local trade to justify the incorporation of a Municipality.
In Sahjua there are several extensive orchards of mango and her trees, with an
octagonal stone chhattri (commemorating the grandfather of the present lum-
berdar), and three masonry wells of exceptionally large dimensions ; all attest-
ing the greater wealth and importance of the Jat proprietors during the short
period of the Bharat-pur Hegemony. About a mile from the bazar, just across
the Bharat-pur border, at a place called Gunsara, is a very fine masonry tank,
worthy of a visit from any one in the neighbourhood, being on the same scale
and in much the same style as the Kusum-Sarovar near Gobardhan. This was
the work of the Rani Lakshmi, the consort of Kaja Randhir Sinh, who also built
the beautiful kunj that bears her name on the bank of the Jaumn& at Brinda-
ban. The tank was not quite completed at the time of her death, and, according
to native custom, has never been touched since. Adjoining it is an extensive
•walled garden overgrown with khirni and other trees that are sadly in need of
thinning. In the centre is an elaborately carved stone plinth for a building that
was designed but never executed. Though the population of Sonkh exceeds
4,000, the school has an attendance of no more than sixty pupils, of whom only
six are the suns of the Jat zamindars. The five pattis stand as follows :—

Name.
	Thoks.
	JLutnber-da-rs
	Wells.
	Population (1872).
	

Ajal         ......
	4
	2
	3
	195
	The Ajai thoks arc called tth&g-


	
	
	
	
	mall, Jagraj.Sirmaur, and Kunja.

JCse         ......
	2
	5
	7
	380
	&se is now divided into two dis-


	
	
	
	
	tinct niahals.

Puma
	2
	2
	6
	1,104
	Thp   Puma   thoks    are    named


	
	
	
	
	Kisana ftiid I^var.

Sahjua     ...
	S
	4
	15
	2,017
	The Suhjui ; Biiut-hi and  Bewal.

Tasiha
	3
	3
	2
	4t5
	The   Ta.siha;    Taj,   Urang   and

Total
	13
	10
	33
	4,111
	Alanohar.